Human Rights: Ummatootiin Cunqurfaamoo Mana Maarii Scotland keessattii Konfransii fi Walgahii Maarii adda adda gaggeeffatan. Bakka Bu’aan ABO Walgahii kanaa irratti haala deemsa QBO ilaalchissee haasa godhee
By Dr. Shigut Geleta
Jaarmaan Agobaraa Ummatotaa cunqurfamoo kan tahe “The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO), Jaarmaa “Third Generation Project (TGP)” fi Miseenaa Mana Marii Scotland ka tahe Kabajamaa Mr Willie Rennie ( miseensa partii Scottish Liberal Democrats) waliin gamtaan Konfransii mataa dureen isaa ”Sharing Perspectives on the Rights of the Unrepresented” jeedhuu irratti akka seensa Walgahii idlee (General Assembly’) UNPO13ffaa gafa 26 Waxabajii 2017 Mana Marii Scotland keessatti gaggeeffamee.
Walgahii idlee fi Konfransii kanaa irratti Miseensii Gumii Sabaa ABO fi Itti Anaan Mataa Damee Dantaa Alaa Dr.Shigut Geleta Mataa Duree “State-sponsored oppression: The case of Oromo people’s struggle in Ethiopia” jeedhuu irratti Haasa gabaabaa godhanii jiru. Haasa kanaa guttummaa kanaa xuquun caqqasuu dandeessuu.
Video of full speech: https://www.facebook.com/UNPOintl/videos/1343679522345934/
ABOn miseensaa gumii gaggesitootaa (Member of Presidency of UNPO) wan taheef walgahii idilee kanaa duraa gilgaalaa hujii jaarmaa UNPO sanaan boodas haara bara lamaa duraa keenyaaf jeechuun hanga 2019 filaamuun xumurrii walgahii idlee tahe jira.
UNPO Presidency meeting: OLF is one of the eight members of Prisedence and board member.
Gafa 28.06.2017 Walgahii Miseensii Manaa Marii Scotland kan Partii SNP tahaan Ms. Joan McAlpine Marii dhimmaa hiree ofi murteeffanaa (self-determination) irratti akkasumaa bakka bu’ottiin SNLF, OLF fi ONLF hirmataanii jiran.
On 27 June2017 elected member of Scottish parliament Ms. Joan McAlpine (SNP member) hosted an evening reception on Self-Determination in the Globalised Age dialogue.
Mr. Abdirahman Mahdi ONLF Foreign Secretary addressing the public on Self-determination. Representatives of OLF, SNLF and ONLF
Xumuraa walgahii idlee kanaa irratti Murtee dhittaa mirgaa dhalaa namaa kan ummataa Oromoo irratti xiyyeeffatee ilaalchisssee Dr. Shigut akka armaa gadhiin dhiyyeessuun Walgahiin idlee ku raggasiisuun maxanfatee jira.
General Assembly RESOLUTION on Human rights situation in Ethiopia
UNREPRESENTED NATIONS AND PEOPLES ORGANIZATION (UNPO)
13th General Assembly Resolution of UNPO on ever deteriorating Human Rights situation in Oromia-Ethiopia, Edinburgh, Scotland 26-28 June 2017
The UNPO General Assembly,
Having met at the XIII UNPO General Assembly in Edinburgh, Scotland from 26-28 June 2017; Concerned about the Ethiopian government’s extension, on 30 March 2017, of its six-month nationwide state of emergency, for another four months and hailing it as successful in restoring stability after almost a year of popular protests and crackdowns that cost hundreds of lives;
Underlining the persistent violations of human rights in Oromia, Ethiopia that include wanton killings, disappearances, arbitrary arrests, detention without charge, torture, life-threatening prison conditions, lengthy pre-trial detentions, violations of privacy including illegal searches, eviction from land without compensation, the abolition of freedom of assembly and association and freedom of expression and movement, Internet shutdown, violence and discrimination against women being inflicted upon the Oromos and other nations and nationalities in Ethiopia;
Having regard to the universal Declaration of Human Rights, the African Union Charter of Human and Peoples’ Rights, the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights;
Noting that Ethiopia’s Civil Society Law (CSO No. 621/2009), Anti-Terrorism law (No.652/2009), the Freedom of the mass Media and Access information proclamation (No, 590/2009), the Political Parties registration proclamation (No. 573/2008), 5) the Amended Electoral Law (No, 532/2007) and the Electoral code of conduct for political parties (No. 662/2009) are designed as a tool to stifle dissent. All of them are used by the Ethiopian Government to silence its critics. The Anti-Terrorism laws are being used by the Ethiopian government not against the terrorists, but to curb the human rights of its own citizens. The Anti-Terrorism Proclamation led to the arrest of students, land rights defenders, artists, journalists, indigenous leaders, opposition politicians, religious leaders and more for exercising basic freedoms;
Considering the persistent and systematic act of State violence and repression in Ethiopia by shooting peaceful protestors to insure the political hegemony of EPRDF,
Emphasizing that if the international community remains passive regarding the situation in Ethiopia, it could lead the Horn of Africa toward a major international disaster, thus posing grievous peril to the international community. The situation in Oromia-Ethiopia could easily turn into a civil chaos that could threaten the region’s economic and political security, since Oromos are demographically and geographically at the centre of Ethiopia;
Aware that Ethiopia is one of the largest recipients of US and western development aid;
Fully believing in the need for development aid, especially during major humanitarian crises like the current drought in Ethiopia. Yet it is counterproductive if donor aid is supporting the destruction of natural resources on which the poor directly depend and enables projects that lead to human rights abuses;
Appreciating that the AU and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights both issued statements expressing concern, while the European parliament released a strong resolution on 18 May 2017 (2017/2682(RSP), and resolutions were introduced in the US Senate and House of Representatives (H.RES 128). The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and United Nations human rights experts publicly stressed the need for an international and independent investigation into human rights violations on the Ethiopian soil;
Condemning the ever more frequent attacks of armed forces, police, and security agents on peaceful demonstrators.
Deploring the murderous crackdown by security forces on civilians during the annual Irreecha festival on 2 October 2016 in Bishoftu, Oromia region, which caused the death of several hundreds of participants in the festival.
Expressing our concern regarding the Ethiopian government’s lack of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, including freedom of association, freedom of expression, freedom of the media and freedom of conscience;
Therefore, we, the UNPO General Assembly:
- Solemnly reaffirm that the government of Ethiopia systematically commits massive human rights violations against the Oromo people and other nations and nationalities in Ethiopia;
- Call the Ethiopian Government for an immediate end to violence, human rights violations, political intimidation, persecution, and the release of political prisoners who have been languishing in prisons for many years;
- Urge the international community to press the Ethiopian government to carry out a credible, transparent, and impartial investigation into the killings of protesters and other alleged human rights violations perpetuated against protests and to prosecute those responsible, regardless of rank or position;
- Request the international community to take swift action to denounce the state of emergency and the continuous repression of basic human rights in the country;
- Call on the EU, the UN, the AU, and democratic governments to reconsider their approach to Ethiopia if no progress is made towards compliance with the essential elements of various international agreements on core human rights issues;
- Deplore the unlawful use of lethal force by the government security forces. Sexual aggressions that destabilize the families and the eviction of Oromos from their ancestral land are designed to uproot the indigenous peoples.
- Insist that the AU, IGAD, UN, USA, European Union, and the international community participate in resolving the political problem of the country
- Urge the Ethiopian authorities to review the press law, Civil Society Law and Anti-Terrorist proclamation adopted in 2009
- Insist for the government to immediately invite the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of association and peaceful assembly and other UN human rights experts to visit Ethiopia to report on the situation;
- Instruct UNPO, its President and General secretary to forward this resolution to the Ethiopian government, to the Council, the Commission, and Parliament of EU, to the Pan-African Parliament and the Executive Council of the African Union, to UN and some democratic governments.
- Encourage the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, EU parliament, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and United Nations human rights experts, US Congress, Legislative bodies of Member States of the EU to urge their respective Executive bodies to call for the above-mentioned political changes in Ethiopia.